Thanks to you, our Kickstarter campaign to “Keep Them Ruby” was a success and we have the support we need to conserve and display Ironically, Dighe provides ample circumstantial evidence that it was. His editorials for the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer expressed support for Republican candidates and criticized the nascent Populist movement. Moreover, gold and silver are often portrayed as working in combination. With Rockoff, the allegorical interpretation reached a peak of sophistication, yet its subsequent decline was no less precipitous than that of the Populist Party itself. Edited by William Leach. Critics of the allegorical reading of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz have made much of the discovery that L.
I would suggest that Baum was trying to make the point that it was foolish, and would change nothing, to pin all your hopes on the gimmick of inflating the currency and trying to artificially raise the price of crops and in the process the price of everything else. Retrieved November 9, The Farmers Alliances created the Populist Party Political power is like witchcraft…some use the power for good, some for evil purposes. What wonder that his wild nature, untamed by years of subjection, should still revolt? By , when Bryan was again defeated by McKinley, Populism already had one foot in the political grave. Other writers have used the same evidence to lead to precisely opposite allegorical interpretations. He sends Dorothy into severe danger hoping she will rid him of his enemy the Wicked Witch of the West.
Near the end of the story, he slays a spiderlike monster that is terrorizing the animals of the forest.
At the Democratic National Convention inthe assembled delegates nominated William Jennings Bryan, an avid supporter of free silver, for president. First, Littlefield and his supporters never claimed to have proved that Baum wrote thesid deliberate, conscious parable. For a quarter of a century after its film debut, no one seemed to think otherwise. At the end of the story, the Scarecrow supplants the Wizard as the ruler of Emerald City, the Tin Woodman is made master of the West, and the Lion is placed over the animals of the forest.
These features of the story point to a more ambivalent result. The Annotated Wizard of Oz.
The Wizard of Oz: A Parable for Populism?
His editorials for the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer expressed support for Republican candidates and criticized the nascent Populist movement.
The “man behind the curtain” could be a reference to automated store window displays of the sort famous at Christmas season in big city department stores; many people watching the fancy clockwork motions of animals and mannequins thought there must be an operator behind the curtain pulling the levers to make them move Baum was the editor of the trade magazine read by window dressers.
As we learn near the end of the story, the Scarecrow-cum-farmer had brains all along-perhaps brains enough to grasp the true causes of his misery and the basics of monetary policy.
The Bryan nomination created a split in the Democratic Party, as gold-standard delegates bolted the convention. In his reading, the Emerald City, the terminus of the yellow brick road, is Washington, D. Moreover, gold and silver are often portrayed as working in combination.
Remembering the days thesiw low-skilled but highly paid factory work, many disenfranchised Americans struggle and look for someone to blame in a world that has changed and left them significantly out of the picture. The contention that Oz is a cleverly crafted political parable reached its apogee in the erudite pages of the Journal of Political Economy. The contention that Oz is a cleverly crafted political parable reached its apogee in the erudite pages of the Journal of Political Economy.
First, Baum was, if not politically active, then undoubtedly well informed. Journal of Political Economy Once healthy and productive, the Woodman was cursed by the wicked Witch of the East, lost his dexterity, and accidentally hacked off his limbs.
A littlevield of these references have been noted already, but the story makes several others. What made Littlefield’s claim bold was its departure from common wisdom. Julia Child Recipe of litttlefield Week. Geoffrey Seeley recast the story as an exercise in treachery, suggesting the supposed “Good Witch Glinda ” used an innocent, ignorant patsy Dorothy to overthrow both her own sister witch Witch of the West and the Wizard of Oz, leaving herself as undisputed master of all four corners of Oz: This Witch is also a cruel enslaver, and she appears to represent a composite of the malign forces of nature that plagued farmers in the Midwest and the power brokers of that region.
With the presentation of the littlefild, the Wizard is exposed as a fraud wizad becomes nothing more than a common man.
Registration Forgot your password? The result for farmers and all who depended on agriculture for their livelihood was devastating. Breaking up the trusts and nationalizing eizard railroads were key components of the Populist agenda, and Bryan favored trust busting if not outright nationalization.
Populism and the World of Oz | National Museum of American History
There are about 4 main characters which are Dorothy, Cowardly lion, Tin man, and the. What wonder that a fiery rage still burned within his breast wizsrd that he should seek every opportunity of obtaining vengeance upon his natural enemies. Bywhen Bryan was again defeated by McKinley, Populism already had one foot in the political grave.
A few of the highlights from the article were:. Moreover, the road to the land of the Quadlings is perilous and rife with dangers. Based on the analysis by Henry M.
The SubTreasury Plan would allow them to store their crops in government warehouses and get government loans while they held their crops off the market during harvest season.